Medieval Satire – The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepherd

“The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepherd” (1600), by Sir Walter Raleigh, is a poem that responds to and parodies the poem “The Passionate Shepherd to His Love” (1599) by Christopher Marlowe. Marlowe’s “Passionate Shepherd”, who beckons his Love to “Come live with me”, gets a reply.  In her reply, the Nymph presents her rejection of the shepherd’s courtship for a life of pastoral idyll.

Source: The Nymph’s Reply to the Shepherd – Wikipedia

If all the world and love were young,
And truth in every shepherd’s tongue,
These pretty pleasures might me move
To live with thee and be thy love.

Time drives the flocks from field to fold
When Rivers rage and Rocks grow cold,
And Philomel becometh dumb;
The rest complains of cares to come.

The flowers do fade, and wanton fields
To wayward winter reckoning yields;
A honey tongue, a heart of gall,
Is fancy’s spring, but sorrow’s fall.

Thy gowns, thy shoes, thy beds of roses,
Thy cap, thy kirtle, and thy posies
Soon break, soon wither, soon forgotten:
In folly ripe, in reason rotten.

Thy belt of straw and Ivy buds,
Thy coral clasps and amber studs,
All these in me no means can move
To come to thee and be thy love.

But could youth last and love still breed,
Had joys no date nor age no need,
Then these delights my mind might move
To live with thee and be thy love.

Hypergamy / Hypergomy

Hypergamy (colloquially referred to as “marrying up”) is a term used in social science for the act or practice of a person marrying a spouse of higher caste or social status than themselves.

The antonym “hypogamy” refers to the inverse: marrying a person of lower social class or status (colloquially “marrying down”). Both terms were coined in the Indian subcontinent in the 19th century.

Accretion Definition & Meaning | Dictionary.com

This word was used by Ravi Zaccharias in describing the Trinity in this YouTube post disputing the doctrine of the Trinity (as Gino Jennings preaches): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B8An8MzeM_o

Dictionary.com:

  1. an increase by natural growth or by gradual external addition; growth in size or extent.
  2. the result of this process.
  3. an added part; addition:The last part of the legend is a later accretion.
  4. the growing together of separate parts into a single whole.

Source: Accretion Definition & Meaning | Dictionary.com